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How to properly care for bonsai

How to properly care for bonsai

Bonsai is the reproduction of miniature natural tree shapes usually in pots. This art form has its origins in Japan and China, where it has been practiced for centuries. If you know how to properly care for bonsai, they will remain healthy, beautiful and miniature for many years to come. Since bonsai are living miniature trees, they will increase in beauty as they mature over the years.


A bonsai of flowering pink almonds is a miniature living tree and not a house plant; therefore, your bonsai should be kept in a cool/cold environment during the winter season. A Bonsai has to have a winter latency period, which should last about three months. This can be done in several ways. One method is to bury your tree in the ground (preferably without a pot) to the edge of the container and then place the mulch to the first branch. It is better to choose a place that is protected from wind and sun, but not from rain or snow. A second method is to place your trees in an unheated garage or shed. During this time, your tree does not require light because it is inactive; however, it will require watering approximately every two weeks. During spring, summer, and fall, your Bonsai should be placed outside, such as on a patio, balcony, terrace, or garden. Once outside, your Bonsai should be placed where it gets enough sun: the morning sun and afternoon shade are best. A Bonsai can be best seen when placed about a meter and a little high (at eye level), such as on a table, wall or bench. A Bonsai should be brought into the house on special occasions and displayed in a prominent place. Your Bonsai should not stay inside for more than a few days at a time, as the atmosphere is harmful to your health.



The watering of your Bonsai should never be neglected and is something indispensable if you want to know how to properly care for bonsai. Apply water when the soil appears dry; you never allow the earth to dry out completely. If Bonsai is getting full sun, it may be necessary to water once a day. This schedule can vary with the size of the pot, the type of soil and the type of bonsai tree it owns. It evaluates the water requirements of each tree and adjusts its irrigation schedule to accommodate it. It's a good idea to use a moisture meter until you know the requirements of Bonsai. Watering should be done with a shower or hose that should dispense water in a gentle enough way so as not to disturb the soil. Water should be applied until it begins to come out of the holes at the bottom of the pot. A good rain is usually a sufficient watering.


During the cold months, when the bonsai is inside, we recommend placing it on a shallow tray filled with a layer of gravel with added water. This provides additional moisture around the tree as the water evaporates and reduces the amount of moisture lost in modern heating systems.


Fertilizing is something totally necessary to know how to properly care for Bonsai. Since your bonsai is growing on such a small amount of soil, it is necessary to periodically replenish the soil's nutrient supply. Any general-purpose liquid fertilizer will work well and is available at most garden centers. We suggest that fertilizers be used at half their recommended concentration. Fertilizer should be applied at least once a month, except during the winter. Your bonsai will also respond well to foliar feeding, with a water-soluble fertilizer applied every two months as a spray.



This brief explanation of basic care does not cover training. The training deals with the art of bonsai and should be thoroughly understood before undertaking, or left in the hands of a professional. However, most of the true bonsai trees you've found have already gone through their training period, so it's only required to periodically cut and pinch to remain miniature.

Crop and Pinch

Cropping and pinching keeps the tree miniature. Pinch and trim new growth to the safest point. All new growth should never be eliminated. It should be left a little to maintain the health of the tree. Tropical and subtropical trees used for bonsai will require periodic pinching and pruning throughout the year. Since different trees grow at different rates, it is necessary to evaluate the growth rate of each tree and adjust its pruning and pinching to accommodate it.


Transplantation should be performed periodically on all bonsai when their root system has filled the jar. Supplying your tree with fresh soil and encouraging a more compact root system is a must. As a general rule, most deciduous trees require replanting every two to three years, while evergreen trees every four to five years. Since trees grow at different rates, this program won't always be valid, so you should examine your tree's root system each year to determine if it has become entangled in a pot.

The transplant should be done in mid-summer. The tree, along with all its soil, should be removed from the pot. The outer and lower quarter of the root mass of the tree should be removed, raking the soil and pruning the roots. It is not usually good to prune more than a quarter of the mass of the root of the tree. After this, the tree can be placed back in its original pot or in another. The pot should have a screen placed over the drainage holes. Then, a thin layer of small gravel is placed on the bottom of the pot for drainage purposes. On top of this gravel is placed the new fresh soil. Place a layer of well-drained soil that is enough to raise the tree to its previous height in the pot. After putting the tree back in the pot, the area left vacant by the pruned root mass should be filled with fresh soil. This fresh soil should be worked around and under the root mass in such a way as to avoid leaving air pockets. After replanting, your bonsai should be watered thoroughly. This can be achieved by immersing the entire pot in a tub of water. Moss or other covers can be used to cover the surface of the pot to help prevent soil erosion when watering.



Since your bonsai is a miniature tree, it can be treated for insects and diseases in the same way as any other tree. If you discover an insect or disease, visit our website where you can obtain the necessary products to eliminate the problem.

If you strictly follow everything exposed in the entrance, you will know perfectly how to properly care for Bonsai and you will finally be able to show off this majestic plant.

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