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Phoenix Dactylifera: information and cultivation

Phoenix Dactylifera: information and cultivation

Phoenix Dactylifera: morphology and origin

Among the great variety of palm trees that exist, the so-called Phoenix Dactylifera, comúnmente llamada palmera datilera y también conocida por los nombres de palma común, támara o fénix. Si está interesado en adquirir una palmera nosotros tenemos sale of palm trees solo díganos que tipo de palmera le quitaría tener en su jardín.

As for his morphology, the Phoenix Dactylifera can exceed 30 meters in height and a diameter that ranges between 30 and 50 centimeters. Its roots are fibrous and not too thick, with a rough trunk, long pale green pinnate leaves and small fragrant flowers.

He origin of the date palm is not known for sure, although it is believed quite probable that it is native to the lands of Arabia or North Africa. There are abundant testimonies about its cultivation in the valleys of the Nile and the Euphrates, where it was considered a symbol of fertility. In Spain it was introduced by the Arabs, its cultivation also spreading to the south of France, Italy and Greece.

Cultivation conditions and techniques

The Phoenix Dactylifera is a tree that grows more easily in hot climates, hence it is preferably grown in arid and semi-arid soils with low relative humidity. It can thrive in almost any kind of soil, although sandy soils are more favorable. In any case, it has a great tolerance to drought and salinity.

When it comes to palm tree care, frequent watering is recommended in hot environments. However, in case of low temperatures, the ideal is to reduce watering, since tree growth is slow and perspiration rather scarce. Irrigation needs also depend on the type of substrate, requiring more frequent irrigation the lighter the substrate. In any case, it is advisable to be cautious with this of the irrigation, since an excess of irrigation could cause the suffocation and death of the vegetable.

Sowing should be done at the beginning of spring, achieving better germination if the seed is previously introduced in water at 30ºC for 48 hours. Regarding fertilization, this type of palm is not very demanding, although it is usually worth adding some type of mineral or organic fertilizer, especially in summer, since in this season the growth is greater.

In the care of the palm tree, it is also advisable to pay special attention to pruning or height pruning, ya que con ella se consigue que esta sea menos vulnerable a efectos externos, al tiempo que se la adecua a las necesidades del espacio en el que se desarrolla, proporcionando una mayor belleza tanto al ejemplar en sí como a su entorno. La poda se debe llevar a cabo durante el invierno, eliminado al hacerlo las hojas muertas o enfermas, pero respetando todo lo posible la forma natural de la copa. Asimismo, en las labores de poda y limpieza ha de procurarse que los cortes resulten siempre limpios, sin causar desgarros en el tronco, ya que estos no cicatrizan y podrían convertirse en un cauce para la entrada de agentes patógenos.

Uses of Phoenix Dactylifera

The main utility of the common palm is, without a doubt, the production of its exquisite fruit: the date. This edible fruit is, in fact, the staple food of many countries. Dates also have numerous medicinal properties, such as strengthening brain activity, improving night vision or, among others, strengthening bones. Hence, the consumption of dates is enormously beneficial for health. It should be borne in mind in this regard that date palms begin to bear fruit between three and five years of age, reaching their maximum maturation period at twelve.

It is also possible to use the wood obtained from these palm trees for the construction of beams, doors, tables, benches and other types of furniture.
Likewise, both the trunk and the leaves can be obtained ingredients with which to make biofertilizers.
Finally, these are trees that give a lot of ornamental play in gardens, which also gives them an important aesthetic value.

Raíz Verde - height pruning company in alicante

Green Root | Palm tree pruning | Pruning at height | Sale of palm trees | rootverde.com

At Raiz Verde specialized in height pruning, tree pruning and palm tree pruning. We move to any point in the Valencian Community and the Murcia region.

Carrer Duran, 17, 03202 Elche, Alicante

644 36 89 39