Phoenix Dactylifera: information and cultivation
Phoenix Dactylifera: morphology and origin
Among the great variety of palm trees that exist, the so-called Phoenix Dactylifera, commonly called date palm and also known by the names of common palm, tamara or phoenix. If you are interested in acquiring a palm tree we have sale of palm trees just tell us what kind of palm tree you would take away from having in your garden.
As for his morphology, the Phoenix Dactylifera can exceed 30 meters in height and a diameter that ranges between 30 and 50 centimeters. Its roots are fibrous and not too thick, with a rough trunk, long pale green pinnate leaves and small fragrant flowers.
He origin of the date palm is not known for sure, although it is believed quite probable that it is native to the lands of Arabia or North Africa. There are abundant testimonies about its cultivation in the valleys of the Nile and the Euphrates, where it was considered a symbol of fertility. In Spain it was introduced by the Arabs, its cultivation also spreading to the south of France, Italy and Greece.
Cultivation conditions and techniques
The Phoenix Dactylifera is a tree that grows more easily in hot climates, hence it is preferably grown in arid and semi-arid soils with low relative humidity. It can thrive in almost any kind of soil, although sandy soils are more favorable. In any case, it has a great tolerance to drought and salinity.
When it comes to palm tree care, frequent watering is recommended in hot environments. However, in case of low temperatures, the ideal is to reduce watering, since tree growth is slow and perspiration rather scarce. Irrigation needs also depend on the type of substrate, requiring more frequent irrigation the lighter the substrate. In any case, it is advisable to be cautious with this of the irrigation, since an excess of irrigation could cause the suffocation and death of the vegetable.
Sowing should be done at the beginning of spring, achieving better germination if the seed is previously introduced in water at 30ºC for 48 hours. Regarding fertilization, this type of palm is not very demanding, although it is usually worth adding some type of mineral or organic fertilizer, especially in summer, since in this season the growth is greater.
In the care of the palm tree, it is also advisable to pay special attention to pruning or height pruning, since with it it is achieved that it is less vulnerable to external effects, while adapting it to the needs of the space in which it is developed, providing greater beauty both to the specimen itself and to its environment. Pruning should be carried out during the winter, eliminating dead or diseased leaves by doing so, but respecting as much as possible the natural shape of the cup. Likewise, in the pruning and cleaning work, it must be ensured that the cuts are always clean, without causing tears in the trunk, since these do not heal and could become a channel for the entry of pathogens.
Uses of Phoenix Dactylifera
The main utility of the common palm is, without a doubt, the production of its exquisite fruit: the date. This edible fruit is, in fact, the staple food of many countries. Dates also have numerous medicinal properties, such as strengthening brain activity, improving night vision or, among others, strengthening bones. Hence, the consumption of dates is enormously beneficial for health. It should be borne in mind in this regard that date palms begin to bear fruit between three and five years of age, reaching their maximum maturation period at twelve.
It is also possible to use the wood obtained from these palm trees for the construction of beams, doors, tables, benches and other types of furniture.
Likewise, both the trunk and the leaves can be obtained ingredients with which to make biofertilizers.
Finally, these are trees that give a lot of ornamental play in gardens, which also gives them an important aesthetic value.